Saad Abad Palace complex is a sprawling collection of palaces, gardens, and museums located in the foothills of the Alborz Mountains in Tehran, Iran. The complex was originally built in the 19th century as a summer residence for the Qajar dynasty and has since been expanded and renovated to include more than ten palaces and several museums. In this article, we’ll explore the history, architecture, attractions, and more of the Saad Abad Palace complex.


Saad Abad Palace complex was built in the 19th century as a summer residence for the Qajar dynasty. The original palace was a modest structure surrounded by gardens and trees. In the early 20th century, the complex was renovated and expanded by the Pahlavi dynasty. Several new palaces and buildings were added, reflecting a blend of traditional Persian and European architectural styles.

After the Islamic Revolution of 1979, the complex was turned into a museum and opened to the public. Restoration and preservation projects have been undertaken in recent years to protect historic buildings and artifacts within the complex.


Saad Abad Palace complex features a variety of architectural styles, reflecting the different periods of Iran’s history. The original palace, built during the Qajar dynasty, features a traditional Persian architectural style, with a central iwan and a series of smaller rooms around a central courtyard.

The palaces built during the Pahlavi dynasty reflect a European influence, with a blend of traditional Persian and European architectural styles. The White Palace, for example, features a mix of neoclassical and art deco styles, with marble floors, crystal chandeliers, and ornate decorations.


One of the main attractions of the Saad Abad Palace complex is its collection of palaces. The palaces are decorated with a variety of artworks, including paintings, sculptures, and tapestries. Each palace has its own unique character and history and offers visitors a glimpse into the lives of Iran’s royal families.

The White Palace, also known as the Palace of the Nation, was the residence of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The palace features a collection of European and Iranian art, as well as a number of rooms decorated in different styles.

The Green Palace, also known as the Ahmad Shahi Pavilion, was built during the Qajar dynasty and served as a summer residence for the royal family. The palace features a central courtyard with a pool, as well as a collection of paintings and artifacts.

Other palaces in the complex include the Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Anthropology, and the Royal Reception Palace.


Another unique feature of the Saad Abad Palace complex is its underground irrigation system, known as qanats. The qanats were used to bring water from the nearby mountains to the gardens and palaces of the complex. Visitors can explore the qanats and learn about their history and function.


Saad Abad Palace complex also features several museums that showcase different aspects of Iranian culture and history. The National Museum of Iran features a collection of artifacts from prehistoric times to the present day, including pottery, metalwork, and textiles. The Museum of Royal Costumes displays traditional Iranian costumes and accessories worn by members of the royal family.

Other museums in the complex include the Military Museum, the Coin Museum, and the Museum of Mir Emad Calligraphy.


In addition to the palaces, qanats, and museums, the Saad Abad Palace complex has several other attractions that visitors can enjoy. These include:

The royal stables

This building was used to house the royal family’s horses and carriages. Today, it houses a collection of vintage cars and carriages, as well as a display of horse equipment and accessories.

The art gallery

This gallery features a rotating collection of contemporary Iranian art, including paintings, sculptures, and installations.

The water museum

This museum is dedicated to the history of water management in Iran and includes exhibits on qanats, aqueducts, dams, and other water-related technologies.

The Cinema Museum

This museum showcases the history of Iranian cinema, with exhibits on the development of Iranian film, as well as a collection of movie posters, scripts, and other memorabilia.

Last word

Saad Abad Palace complex is a fascinating collection of palaces, gardens, museums, qanats, and more that offers visitors a glimpse into the history and culture of Iran. Its architecture and attractions reflect the different periods of Iran’s history, and its restoration and preservation projects ensure that future generations will be able to enjoy this unique cultural site. Whether you’re a history buff, an art lover, or simply a traveler seeking new experiences, a visit to the Saad Abad Palace complex is a must when in Tehran. Take part in our guided tours to Saad Abad Palace Complex, providing you a nice visit with a deeper understanding of this palace’s history and architecture. 

Let us know your ideas and comments about this palace complex in the comment box below, we will be happy to hear from you!